Abstract Details

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9/27/2014  |   9:30 AM - 10:00 AM   |  Topical Session 4   |  Wyoming

Characteristics of hearing loss and follow up in children with congenital cytomegalovirus infection

Introduction: Children born with a congenital CMV infection have a high risk for developing sensorineural hearing loss. Until today, there is no consensus about the length of follow up or the frequency of hearing testing. We focus on the type of hearing loss (hearing configuration) in hearing impaired children with cCMV infection and propose a flow chart for the follow up of hearing in children with cCMV. Material and Methods: 18 hearing impaired children out of a cohort of 138 congenitally infected CMV children, born between 1996 and 2009, were selected. Selection criteria were: regular follow up of at least 36 months, no major other risk factors for hearing loss, a normal middle ear status and an appropriate behavioral response to the given pure-tone stimuli. Audiological assessment was performed at birth and at regular intervals at follow up. Results: The configurations of all hearing impaired children showed a typical character of SNHL: all frequencies are equally attained. In none of the 18 children a retro-cochlear hearing loss was found. Based on both the results of the present study and on the results of previous reports, a protocol is proposed for hearing evaluation in children with cCMV infection. Conclusion: Hearing impairment in congenital CMV infected infants affects all frequencies equally and does not have a retro-cochlear involvement. A flow chart for hearing follow up in children with cCMV is suggested in order to improve uniformity in follow up and to make results easier to compare.

Ina Foulon (Point of Contact,Primary Presenter,Author), ina.foulon@uzbrussel.be;
Born: 25 th september 1978 2003: graduated in medecine at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) 2003-2008; specialization in the ENT department at the VUB 2008-2013: resident in the ENT department at the VUB Since 2013: chief of clinic at the ENT department at the VUB


Financial - No relevant financial relationship exist.

Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.


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